DIGIT+: Digitalization for in groups integrative training - international network for support, connection , innovation and know-how share in digital vocational education


(Project code 2021 -1-RO01-KA220-VET-000032924)


Basic skills training for use of digital learning instruments


digital skills Archives - Flying Cows Of Jozi













Table of Contents

Foreword. 3

Introduction. 6

Unit 1. Understanding Digital Literacy Skills. 6

1.1. What is ‘’digital literacy’’? 7

1.2. What are digital skills and why are they important?. 7

1.3. What are basic digital skills?……………..

1.4. Basics around using technology: Understanding your hardware. 8

1.4.1. What is your device?. 8

1.4.2. Computer: The components. 9

1.4.3.  Accessories 12

1.5. Start your computer 13

1.5.1. Connect to the Internet using wireless broadband. 14

1.5.2. Connect to the online classroom.. 15

1.6. QUIZ. 15

Unit 2. Start browsing the web. 15

2.1. Browsing the Internet 16

2.2.What is URL?. 17

2.3.What is Information Literacy?. 18

2.4.QUIZ. 19

Unit 3 Using word processing software. 19

3.1. What is word processing?. 20

3.2. Creating a Word document on your PC. 20

The Menu Bar 20

Toolbars. 20

The Standard Toolbar 21

The Formatting  Toolbar 22

The Ruler 23

3.3. Reading tools in a Word document 23

Normal view. 23

Online Layout view.. 23

Outline view.. 23

Print Layout view.. 23

Draft view.. 24

Read Mode view. 24

3.4. QUIZ. 24

Unit 4. Performing basic tasks on your computer. 24

4.1. Uploading and downloading. 25

4.1.2. How to download a file from the Web to your computer 25

4.1.3.How to stay safe from malware while downloading. 26

4.2. How to upload a file on your computer 27

4.3. QUIZ. 27

Unit 5. Sending&receiving emails. 28

5.1. What is email?. 28

5.2. Creating an email account 28

5.3.Compose and send a new message. 29

5.4. Receive and reply to a message. 30

5.5. How to send emails with an attachment 30

5.6. Email safety and security. 31

Terms and definitions 31

Spam.. 31

Phishing. 32

How to stay safe from phishing attacks 32

5.7. QUIZ. 33

Unit 6. Collaborating through digital tools. 34

6.1.What is collaborative learning?. 34

6.2.What are collaboration skills?. 34

6.2.1. Communication skills 35

6.2.3. Emotional intelligence skills 37

6.3.Respect for diversity 39

6.4.Eliminating the barriers to successful and inclusive collaboration. 39

6.5. QUIZ. 40

Unit  7. Stay safe and secure on the Internet. 41

7.1. Why should you use the Internet safely. 41

7.2. How to keep your password secure. 41

7.3. Use the Internet responsibly: Be aware of Your Digital Footprint 43

What is Digital Footprint?. 43

7.4. Cyberbullying. 44

7.5. Are you a Responsible Digital Citizen?. 45

7.6.QUIZ. 46




              Welcome to the  Basic Skills Training for use of digital learning instruments!

                This training course was developed in relation to the implementation of the Erasmus+ KA2 Vocational Education Strategic Partnership project ‘‘DIGIT+: Digitalization for in groups integrative training - international network for support, connection , innovation and know-how share in digital vocational education’’(Project code 2021 -1-RO01-KA220-VET-000032924).

Background to the course

                 The yet unfinished Covid-19 pandemic has changed education dramatically. Research shows that millions of children, of all ages, and in all countries, have been affected by the school closures and the ensuing socio-economic impacts, especially in the poorer countries and low-income neighbourhoods.

                 Prior to the development of this project, an initial needs analysis was conducted among 562 teachers/trainers and learners from the project partners or associated schools about remote learning between 1.09 to 30/10/2020. It revealed the following issues mentioned by the students:
                  - social learning with colleagues and team work was needed, digital communication was difficult and they lacked adequate instruments for training (%86).
                 - online learning was hard for them as it reduced their ability to access education because they did not have adequate skills to use communication tools effectively (%32).
                 - the disadvantaged children did not have the necessary skills to work in distance learning (%90).

Aim&the target group

                The overall aim of the course is to train disadvantaged students facing economic, cultural, educational and social barriers, e.g. those with migrant background, in basic digital skills in order to facilitate their learning and integration.

The course contents

                  The 30-hour Training Curriculum is organised around 7 units& the e-learning platform.

                The first unit of the curriculum is designed to provide  a definition of ‘’digital literacy’’, a basic understanding on basic digital skills, basic information about hardware and  the basics around using technology.

              The second unit  presents practical information about how to find data, information& content through simple search on the Internet, practical tips and suggestions on how to check the integrity of your source and detect the credibility&reliability of common sources of online data&information. The unit also looks into Information Literacy, including how to use the Internet safely.

                 The third unit  is designed to provide you with basic information about how to use word processing software, i.e how to create a new document, the main tools that allow you to carry out many tasks , basic information about the reading tools in a Word document, writing, modifying &formatting text using the icons on the toolbars.

             The fourth unit aims to equip learners with basic and practical information about how to perform basic tasks on your computer , an understanding of using the Web responsibly and of copyright and the implications of its violation,  and the importance of staying safe while you perform these tasks

             The fifth unit aims to provide practical information about  creating an email account, composing emails, attaching documents or files to them, receiving emails and dowloading attachments safely. This unit also aims to provide advice about how to stay safe using email and some common definitions concerning email security.

                The sixth unit  is designed to provide you with an understanding of collaboration skills to work successfully and efficiently in a team which will help us learn in an inclusive classroom environment, online and/or offline.

              The seventh unit  underlines the importance of using the Internet safely, taking care of your digital footprint and how to control& reduce it.

Time frame               

         Each unit  requires approximately 4 hours’ learning. It is important to note that enough time should be added to do the self-tests at the end of each unit if the training occurs in classroom environment.


How to use the Training Curriculum

             Each unit begins with the purpose of that particular unit. The course can be used either as a complete programme or students can select single units to study according to their needs.

                   Trainers, who will use the course in classroom environment, do not have to follow the curriculum word-for-word; in fact they are encouraged to adapt it to their own situation. There is room for flexibility so that any modifications can be determined by the local situations.


                 Training evaluation is planned as self-assessment conducted at the conclusion of each unıt. In classroom setting ,the training can be fine-tuned through observation and learners’ feedback at the end of the unit (real-time formative evaluation).

                On the completion of the course, we hope that disadvantaged students will be adequately empowered to put the newly-learnt basic digital skills into every day practice and and find it easier to integrate into online classroom.

Terms of use

                 The course was developed as Open Educational Resource (OER) and thus freely available for the public. However, use of the material from this publication is for non-commercial uses only and on condition that the source is properly quoted. It is available in all partner languages to facilitate its wider use.



                Today digital literacy, i.e.knowing how to write, read and communicate in the digital world, is considered as a  foundational skill alongside the traditional  literacy (reading, writing)  and numeracy (arithmetic) skills. When people combine them with the 21C leadership skills such as critical thinking, collaboration, problem solving, communication and creativity, they can benefit fully from participating in a dynamic and global knowledge society. 

                 Development of basic digital skills and then progressing to gaining intermediate and advanced digital skills is crucial and this enables us to access news and information, communicate with friends and family and make everyday use of services related to health, government, digital finance and so on. In addition, by upskilling ourselves in key digital skills, we can reboot our prospects of employment in today’s competitive jobs market, become more creative, productive and successful; we can even set up our own business once we acquire  more advanced digital skills! 

               One final note before starting this course is that everything changes very quickly in the digital world. Devices, software and social media tools change continuously which poses a challenge for those who design digital literacy skills training programs. However, the basics remain the same more or less, so in this training, we have generally included basic information rather than very detailed and precise step-by-step guidance as they may have changed, too, by the time you sit before your computer and start this course! However, there are other means of training on digital skills you can use, for example, the Internet is a vast source of information  and offers free training opportunities.               

Tips PNG File | PNG All                 Although you are invited to study the whole curriculum to get the most out of it, you can always get back to the units separately according to your needs!

               Good luck and we hope you both learn and enjoy your journey into the Basic Digital Literacy Skills Training!

Unit 1. Understanding Digital Literacy Skills 

Learning aims and objectives

                This lesson is designed to provide you with:

                      - a definition of ‘digital literacy’, an understanding of basic digital skills and what you can do with them and information about hardware and the basics around using technology.


1.1. What is ‘’digital literacy’’?                    

                Today, the majority of young people are technologically savvy and know how to go about a tablet, an iPad, smartphones or laptops. However, are all of ICT users digitally literate? Are you? Digital literacy  is not just IT proficiency – though knowing how to use tech is an essential life skill-, it does not mean computer literacy either, as it requires several more competences such as critical thinking, communication , cognitive and technical skills,  an awareness of interacting with the wider world online in a responsible and ethical manner and an understanding of  ‘’good and responsible digital citizenship’’ which is crucial, as whatever we send out to the digital universe will stay there permanently.

Speech Bubble: Oval:  Digital skills, like all  kinds of skills, are often best learned in relatively small steps

1.2. What are digital skills and why are they important?  

                Digital skills are defined as ‘’a range of abilities to use digital devices, communication applications, and networks to access and manage information. They enable people to create and share digital content, communicate and collaborate[1]’’. We need them to use electronic and online resources in a safe, responsible and effective way, to learn any where, any time and at our own pace, to creatively and responsibly use them for accessing information, creating content, wellbeing and problem-solving.

                Today, students at all levels are more interested in learning digital skills as they use the Internet as a key source of information. If you are equipped with digital skills, you know how to create content or consume it responsibly and ethically, communicate with your friends and family and access education&training resources.               


                 Essential digital skills, no matter what level they are, mean much more than simply reading online. While digitally savvy students find, evaluate, create and communicate by using their cognitive

and technical skills, what those who just read online are doing is hardly different from reading a print book, you turn the pages over in a book and do the same online!

                We need to practice – often a good deal of practice- to learn digital skills and review and update them continually as new technologies and innovations such as artificial intelligence, big data,blockchain, Internet of Things and mobile applications have merged. The topic of this course is, however, basic digital skills needed and used by students and general audience.

1.3. What are Basic Digital skills?  

                Foundational or entry- level- digital skills are basic functional skills which are used to make basic use of digital devices e.g. using a browser, connecting to the Web- and online applications.

Basic Digital Skills


1.4. Basics around using technology: Understanding your hardware

1.4.1. What is your device?

         There are many digital devices to choose from these days. Firstly, think about what you will use your device for. Secondly, ask yourself  if you will use it in different places and with other devices.

Tips PNG File | PNG All Familiarize yourself with your device. If you understand the basics of your personal computer, laptop, iPad, tablet or smartphone, you will be able to get the most out of it.

                 The best way of understanding how to use your device is to sit in front of it and start using the touchscreen or mouse and the keyboard. Computers either have a display screen – attached to it-

or a monitor which is separate from the computer. Most computers also have an optical drive today which enable users to read DVD sor CDs on their computers.



Common type of digital devices

Features of the common Digital Devices

Tablet PC Android 4.0 a prezzi interessanti da Exagerate ...  

1.4.2. Computer: The components

·      CPU, processor PNGProcessor


                The processor (Central Processing Unit=CPU) is the part of a computer that performs operations on the information that is put into it’.[2] It controls all the other parts of the computer. If your processor is fast – measured in gigahertz (GHZ)- and you keep it updated , it will run, think and work faster. 


                To put it into a single sentence, CPU is the brain or heart of your computer!           

·     Hard drive            

Free Images : technology, desktop, product, hard disk ...

                Every computer has an internal hard drive. A hard disc drive (also known as a hard drive or abbreviated as  HD, or HDD) is what stores your data and the programs  you use on your computer  such as the operating system, the software you have installed and the hard disc where your files and folders are physically

 located. A typical hard drive is only slightly larger than your hand, however, it can hold 100 GB of data!

                If you want to expand the storage capacity of your computer, you can also use external external hard drives such as USB memory sticks, flash drive and portable external hard drives. 



Tipi di RAM del computer: DDR, forma e velocità - Navigaweb.net                Memory is an important component which stores data and information in   your hard drive. The data or information is either stored permanently or temporarily.memory has two types: Primary memory (RAM-Random Access Memory) which stores data and information temporarily. The stored data or instructions are cleared once you turn your computer off. Secondary memory, on the other hand, is where information is stored long-term , for example, on a USB memory stick.            



·      Output devices


Download Monitor Apple Lcd Png Image HQ PNG Image | FreePNGImg                 The most widely known of output devices are monitors, speakers  and printers which allow computers to send data to other devices or to other users. These output devices produce video, audio and graphic output.

v  Monitor/Display Screen : The monitor is the computer’s display screen. It is just as a TV and basically shows your activities on the screen.

v  Laser Printer White Background Images | AWBPrinter : A printer is a machine for printing text or pictures, especially one linked to a computer. There are many types to choose from, the most common being inkjet and laser printers. 


·      Input devices

                We use input devices to give commands to a computer and transfer data between computers. This is the basic distinction between input and output devices. While output devices receive data from the computer, an input device sends data to it.

                 The most commonly used input devices are the mouse- touchpad in a laptop- and the keyboard, though there are also other devices we use to put data into computers such as microphone for inputting audio into their computer, digital camera, scanner, joystick, touchscreen and touchpad. We will take a brief look at the keyboard and mouse  below.

·      The keyboard

              The layout of the keyboard is similar to the typewriter and it is still the primary input device on a computer. We use it to enter data or information which is usually displayed  on the display screen. 

HCESAR - WikiVisually  keyboard typically contains keys used to create individual letters, numbers and symbols , as well as keys for additional functions.Today, the most common keyboard design is the QWERTY layout.

In addition, special keyboards have also been designed for countries that use a non-Roman alphabet, and also for disabled people.    

              Keyboards contain three types of keys:










Speech Bubble: Oval: You can understand the function of each key only after working on your PC.

Ø      Alphanumeric (Typing) keys: Alphabets,numbers,    punctuation and special symbols like @, %, #

Ø  Special (Control) keys: These keys are used alone or with other keys to perform certain actions. <Shift>, <Ctrl>, <Alt>, <Home>, CTRL, ALT, ESC